• Ferrous Metal

 

Ferrous

Ferrous Metal are mainly composed of iron and have magnetic properties. Steel, an iron alloy containing carbon, is by far the most-recycled material in the world. Total steel production in 2014 reached 1.66 billion tonnes, of which over 450 million tonnes were made from scrap metal. India Imported 4.6 million tonnes of Ferrous Scrap in 2013-14 and 5.5 million tonnes of Ferrous Scrap in 2014-15. The most commonly recycled items are scrap from industrial processes, end-of-life products such as containers, vehicles, appliances, industrial machinery and construction materials.

The use of scrap metal has become an integral part of the modern steelmaking industry, improving the industry’s economic viability and reducing environmental impact. Compared to ore extraction, the use of secondary ferrous metal significantly reduces CO2 emissions, energy and water consumption and air pollution. At the same time, the recycling of steel makes more efficient use of the earth’s natural resources.

 

Recycling Facts

  • Almost 40% of the world’s steel production is made from scrap.

  • Recycling one tonne of steel saves 1,100 kilogrammes of iron ore, 630 kilogrammes of coal, and 55 kilogrammes of limestone.

  • CO2 emissions are reduced by 58% through the use of ferrous scrap.

  • Recycling one tonne of steel saves 642 kWh of energy, 1.8 barrels (287 litres) of oil, 10.9 million Btu's of energy and 2.3 cubic metres of landfill space.

  • Recycling steel uses 75% less energy compared to creating steel from raw materials - enough to power 18 million homes.

  • Steel recycling uses 74% less energy, 90% less virgin materials and 40% less water; it also produces 76% fewer water pollutants, 86% fewer air pollutants and 97% less mining waste.

  • Steel automobile frames contain at least 25% recycled steel and a typical electrical appliance will usually be made of 75% recycled steel. Steel cans consist of at least 25% recycled steel.